Animal-Assisted Psychotherapy
390 pages

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390 pages

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The integration of animals into the therapy setting by psychotherapists has been a growing trend. Psychological problems treated include emotional and behavioral problems, attachment issues, trauma, and developmental disorders. An influential 1970s survey suggests that over 20 percent of therapists in the psychotherapy division of the American Psychological Association incorporated animals into their treatment in some fashion. Anecdotal evidence suggests that the number is much higher today. Since Yeshiva University psychologist Boris Levinson popularized the involvement of animals in psychotherapy in the 1960s, Israel has come to be perhaps the most advanced country in the world in the area of animal-assisted psychotherapy (AAP). This is true especially in the areas of academic training programs, theory-building, and clinical practice. Great effort has been put into understanding the mechanisms behind AAP, as well as into developing ethical guidelines that take into account the therapist's responsibility toward both client and animal. This book exposes the world to the theory and practice of AAP as conceived and used in Israel. It emphasizes evidence-based and clinically sound applications with psychotherapeutic goals, as differentiated from other animal-assisted interventions, such as AAE (animal-assisted education) and AAA (animal-assisted activities), which may have education or skills-oriented goals. Not just anyone with a dog can call him-or herself an animal-assisted therapist. This volume demonstrates not only the promise of animal-assisted psychotherapeutic approaches, but also some of the challenges the field still needs to overcome to gain widespread legitimacy.



Publié par
Date de parution 15 juillet 2013
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9781612492742
Langue English

Informations légales : prix de location à la page 0,1000€. Cette information est donnée uniquement à titre indicatif conformément à la législation en vigueur.


Theory, Issues, and Practice
“A great deal has happened since I first heard of animal-assisted therapy and activities. This volume supports the statement that one does not call himself or herself a therapist unless trained and licensed. The programs bringing people into contact with animals are varied and structured. The book offers different approaches for children and adults. Value is accomplished through anecdotes which provide actual happenings for the reader, along with a strong theoretical description of the applied approach. One gains a clear idea of the therapist’s approach and of the participation of animals to strengthen the result. What a great book!”
— Samuel B. Ross, Jr., PhD, Founder of Green Chimneys

“This comprehensive book stands as the state-of-the-art guide to animal-assisted psychotherapy. Mental health professionals practicing AAP will repeatedly turn to this well-organized work for guidance and will find solid bridges between theoretical reasoning, empirical research, and psychotherapeutic practice. The volume is grounded in cutting-edge research, and Parish-Plass has brought together the leading experts in the field.”
— Mario Mikulincer, PhD, Professor and Dean, School of Psychology, Interdisciplinary Center (IDC), Herzliya

“Nancy Parish-Plass has edited a volume that will be of strong interest to those providing animal-assisted psychotherapy. The book brings together chapters from numerous authors on critical topics. As a psychologist who has integrated animals in therapy for many years, I believe that this is a valuable resource to clinicians and researchers in the field.”
— Aubrey H. Fine, EdD, Professor, California Polytechnic State University
“As the field of animal-assisted psychotherapy grows in popularity and use, it is essential that the work is grounded in theory, research, and the highest quality standards of ethical practice. This book provides a superb resource for clinicians using this promising modality. Editor Nancy Parish-Plass has woven the excellent contributions into a volume that provides a model of AAP practice, clear discussion of the complex issues inherent in AAP, and the unique ethical standards for the protection of both human clients and the animals involved. Program descriptions and case illustrations throughout the book enrich its message. All clinicians using or wishing to use AAP will benefit greatly from reading this wonderful addition to the relatively scant professional literature on AAP.”
— Risë VanFleet, PhD, Founder and President, Playful Pooch Program and Family Enhancement & Play Therapy Center; Past President and Board Chair, Association for Play Therapy

“[This book] puts together scholarship on many perspectives of how animals fit into the therapeutic milieu. It provides the theoretical bases for use of animals in psychotherapy practice and provides guidance and evidence for practitioners. It is very readable, and great clinical vignettes are used to illustrate the authors’ points. It will be of interest for psychotherapists but also in clinical psychology, social work, and advanced practice nursing.”
— Erika Friedmann, PhD, Professor, School of Nursing, University of Maryland
New Directions in the Human-Animal Bond
Alan M. Beck, Series Editor
Theory, Issues, and Practice
Copyright 2013 by Purdue University. All rights reserved.
Printed in the United States of America.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Parish-Plass, Nancy, 1955–
Animal-assisted psychotherapy : theory, issues, and practice / Nancy Parish-Plass.
     pages cm.—(New directions in the human-animal bond)
ISBN 978-1-55753-651-8 (pbk.)—ISBN 978-1-61249-273-5 (epdf)—ISBN 978-1-61249-274-2 (epub) 1. Animals—Therapeutic use. 2. Pets—Therapeutic use. 3. Human-animal relationships. I. Title.
RM931.A65P37 2013
Cover design by Mary Jane Gavenda based on original art by Ronit Kahn
Notice to Readers
This publication is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering medical or psychological services. The authors, editor, and publisher are not responsible for errors or omissions or for any consequences from application of the information in this book. Application of the information in a particular situation remains the professional responsibility of the practitioner.
I would like to dedicate this book to those who have contributed most to my professional development as an animal-assisted psychotherapist: Boris Levinson, my clients, and my animals.
This book would not be complete without emphasizing my great debt to Boris Levinson, the father of animal-assisted psychotherapy (AAP), as we practice it here in Israel. In his book, Pet-Oriented Child Psychotherapy , Levinson presents his vision and insight in amazing detail, and his book is still a bible for me till today. I find there references to principles and issues that are being discussed at length and in research still today and, I have no doubt, that will be so for many years. I refer to it time and again and often rediscover principles, stated in concise and clear ways, that help and inspire me in my writing and clinical work. In the latest edition of Levinson’s book (1997), Gerald Mallon added further insight into the animal-assisted psychologist and man that Levinson was which helps us all feel that we would love to have sat with him and shared experiences. I hope we would have made him proud.
Of course, I never could have arrived at where I am today without my clients, who share the journey with me, helping to open my eyes and discover even more dimensions in the amazing processes that occur in therapy with the animals.
And last but so much not least, to Mushu, Mali, Pinuki, Puffy, Marshmallow, Ketchup, and Chips, and to those who will always be with me and in the hearts of so many children—Foxy Lady, Brownie, Tuka Matuka, Nana, Kuku, Boker, Boujie Boujie, and the rest. You all are great in the way that you just let those projections come right at you and still keep on scampering, sleeping, barking, cooing, hiding, peeking, flying, kissing, climbing, and cuddling so enthusiastically!
The Integration of Animals Into the Therapy Process and Its Implications as a Unique Medium in Psychotherapy
Dror Oren and Nancy Parish-Plass
The Animal as a Relational Medium: An Object Relations Approach to the Therapy Triangle in Animal-Assisted Psychotherapy
Nancy Parish-Plass and Dror Oren
Projection and Projective Object in Child Animal-Assisted Psychotherapy
Rachel Ben David
The Contribution of Animal-Assisted Psychotherapy to the Potential Space in Play Therapy
Nancy Parish-Plass
Animal-Assisted Psychotherapy From an Attachment Perspective
Sigal Zilcha-Mano
Elements of Group Psychotherapy Found in Individual Animal-Assisted Psychotherapy
Hadas Ish-Lev and Roni Amit
The Therapy Zoo as a Mirror to the Psyche
Efrat Maayan
Equine-Facilitated Psychotherapy: Practice, Theory, and Empirical Knowledge
Keren Bachi
Dilemmas, Questions, and Issues Concerning the Integration of Animals Into the Psychotherapy Setting
Nancy Parish-Plass and Dror Oren
The Unique Ethical Stance of Animal-Assisted Psychotherapy
Rachel Ben David
Why Israel? A Unique Direction in the Development of the Definition and Practice of Animal-Assisted Psychotherapy
Nancy Parish-Plass and Sari Bar-On
Life Cycle Analysis of the Equine-Facilitated Psychotherapy Field
Keren Bachi
Is Animal-Assisted Psychotherapy a Profession? The Consolidation of the Professional Identity of the Animal-Assisted Psychotherapist in Israel
Sari Bar-On, Anna Shapiro, and Anat Gendelman
The Relationship Between the Animalistic and the Artistic: A Therapeutic Model Integrating Animal-Assisted Psychotherapy With Art Therapy
Efrat Maayan and Elana Lakh
“What Does the Turtle Have Inside Its House?” Animal-Assisted Psychotherapy With Foster Children
Shira Hellmann
“Take Me Under Your Wing”—Love in Animal-Assisted Psychotherapy: A Clinical Perspective on the Unique Therapeutic Bond Between Animals and Humans
Sarit Lev-Bendov and Inbar Barel
Animal-Assisted Group Psychotherapy for Children
Orit Harel
• • •
The Child and the Animal and the Potential Space Between: A Comparison of Animal-Assisted Education and Animal-Assisted Psychotherapy
Roles of Animals in Animal-Assisted Psychotherapy
Code of Ethics: The Israeli Association of Animal-Assisted Psychotherapy
The 18th Session of the Israeli Knesset
Representative Certificate Program in Animal-Assisted Psychotherapy
First I would like to thank Dikla Tzur for inspiring me to write this book. I would also like to say to my children, Joshua, Ayal, Talya, Nitsan, and Safra (my daughter by choice), that I appreciate your patience and your smiles every time I said, “After t

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