Africa Development Indicators 2011

Africa Development Indicators 2011


198 pages
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Africa Development Indicators 2011 is the most detailed collection of data on Africa. It contains macroeconomic, sectoral, and social indicators for 53 countries. A companion CD-ROM has additional data, with some 1,700 indicators covering 1961-2009.
-Basic indicators
-National and fiscal accounts
-External accounts and exchange rates
-Millennium Development Goals
-Private sector development
-Trade and regional integration
-Human development
-Agriculture, rural development, and the environment
-Labor, migration, and population
-HIV/AIDS and malaria
-Capable states and partnership
-Paris Declaration indicators
-Governance and polity
Designed as both a quick reference and a reliable dataset for monitoring development programs and aid flows in the region, Africa Development Indicators 2011 is an invaluable tool for analysts and policymakers who want a better understanding of Africa's economic and social development.



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Publié le 04 octobre 2011
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2 0 1 12011Copyright © 2011 by the International Bank
for Reconstruction and Development/T e World Bank
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All rights reserved
Manufactured in the United States of America
First printing 2011
T is volume is a product of the staff of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/T e World Bank. T e fi ndings,
interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this volume do not necessarily refl ect the views of the Executive Directors of T e
World Bank or the governments they represent.
T e World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work. T e boundaries, colors, denominations, and
other information shown on any map in this work do not imply any judgement on the part of T e World Bank concerning the legal
status of any territory or the endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.
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ISBN: 978-0-8213-8731-3
e-ISBN: 978-0-8213-8732-0
DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-8731-3
SKU: 18731
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication data have been requested.
Cover design: Communications Development Incorporated.
Photo credits: front cover, Arne Hoel/World Bank; back cover, Arne Hoel/World Bank and Jonathan Ernst/World Bank.
T e map of Africa is provided by the Map Design Unit/World Bank.
To order Africa Development Indicators 2011, T e Little Data Book on Africa 2011 (available online only), or Africa Development In-
dicators 2011–Multiple User CD-ROM, please visit To subscribe to Africa Development Indica-
tors Online please visit
For more information about Africa Development Indicators and its companion products, please visit
or email
Foreword vii
Acknowledgments ix
Indicator tables 1
Users guide 3
Part I. Basic indicators and national and fi scal accounts
1. Basic indicators
1.1 Basic indicators 7
2. National and fi scal accounts
2.1 Gross domestic product, nominal 8
2.2 Groduct, real 9
2.3 Groduct growth 10
2.4 Gross domestic product per capita, real 11
2.5 Groduct per capita growth 12
2.6 Gross national income, nominal 13
2.7 Grome, World Bank Atlas method 14
2.8 Gross national income per capita, World Bank Atlas method 15
2.9 Gross domestic product defl ator (local currency series) 16
2.10 Gr ator (U.S. dollar series) 17
2.11 Consumer price index 18
2.12 Price indexes 19
2.13 Gross domestic savings 20
2.14 Gross national savings 21
2.15 General government fi nal consumption expenditure 22
2.16 Household fi nal consumption expenditure 23
2.17 Final consumption expenditure plus discrepancy 24
2.18 Final coe plus discrepancy per capita 25
2.19 Gross fi xed capital formation 26
2.20 Gross general government fi xed capital formation 27
2.21 Private sector fi xed capital formation 28
2.22 External trade balance (exports minus imports) 29
2.23 Exports of goods and services, nominal 30
2.24 Imports of goods and servic31
2.25 Exportvices as a share of GDP 32
2.26 Imporvic33
2.27 Balance of payments and current account 34
2.28 Exchange rates and purchasing power parity 36
2.29 Agriculture value added 38
2.30 Industry value added 39
2.31 Services plus discrepancy value added 40
2.32 Central government fi nances, expense, and revenue 41
Contents iii2.33 Structure of demand 45
Part II. Millennium Development Goals
3. Millennium De
3.1 Millennium Development Goal 1: eradicate extreme poverty and hunger 46
3.2 Millennium Development Goal 2: achieve universal primary education 49
3.3 Millennium Development Goal 3: promote gender equality and empower women 50
3.4 Millennium Development Goal 4: reduce child mortality 51
3.5 Millennium Development Goal 5: improve maternal health 52
3.6 Millennium Development Goal 6: combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases 53
3.7 Millennium Development Goal 7: ensure environmental sustainability 55
3.8 Millennium Development Goal 8: develop a global partnership for development 57
Part III. Development outcomes
Drivers of growth
4. Private sector development
4.1 Doing Business indicators 59
4.2 Investment climate 62
4.3 Financial sector infrastructure 64
5. Trade and regional integration
5.1 International trade and tariff barriers 66
5.2 Top three exports and share in total exports, 2009 70
5.3 Regional integration, trade blocs 72
6. Infrastructure
6.1 Water and sanitation 74
6.2 Transportation 75
6.3 Information and communication technology 77
6.4 Energy 80
Participating in growth
7. Human development
7.1 Education 82
7.2 Health 84
8. Agriculture, rural development, and environment
8.1 Rural development 88
8.2 Agriculture 90
8.3 Producer food prices 92
8.4 Environment 94
8.5 Fossil fuel emissions 96
9. Labor, migration, and population
9.1 Labor force participation 98
9.2 Labor force composition 100
9.3 Unemployment 102
9.4 Migration and population 104
10.1 HIV/AIDS 106
iv Africa Development Indicators 201111. Malaria
11.1 Malaria 110
12. Capable states and partnership
12.1 Aid and debt relief 111
12.2 Status of Paris Declaration indicators 114
12.3 Capable states 116
12.4 Governance and anticorruption indicators 118
12.5 Country Policy and Institutional Assessment ratings 120
12.6 Polity indicators 124
Technical notes 125
Technical notes references 181
Map of Africa 182
Users guide: Africa Development Indicators 2011–Multiple User CD-ROM 183
Contents vForeword
T is year’s Africa Development Indicators, civil society, development partners, and
which covers some 1,700 macro economic, citizens to monitor, study, and document
sectoral, and human development indica- Africa’s economic and social development. It
tors dating to the 1960s, comes at a critical also shows where we need to improve. Just
time for Sub-Saharan Africa’s 48 countries 18 of 48 countries have poverty data for
and 841 million people. After a decade of 2007‒10. And in the 2000s Africa averaged
economic growth at nearly 5 percent a year, 1.5 poverty fi gures per country, less than
Africa—along with the rest of the world— half the world’s average of 3.8. One reason
was hit hard by the global economic crisis, for the shortcomings is lack of statistical ca-
but it rebounded within a year. In 2011 the pacity—as of 2010 only six countries have
continent’s growth is expected to return to statistical capacity building indicators of
pre crisis levels. T e poverty rate has been 70‒84 percent. But here too there has been
declining at about 1 percentage point a year, progress: all but four countries now have an
and progress on the Millennium Develop- offi cial national statistics website, compared
ment Goals, while insuffi cient to reach the with 50 percent a few years ago. More than
2015 targets in many countries, has been 20 countries have made their household sur-
substantial. vey datasets available on their national data
Yet, Africa faces some of the most formi- archive website, and more than 75 percent
dable development challenges in the world. of Africa’s people are covered by a popula-
First, growth has been uneven, with about tion census less than 10 years old.
20 fragile and confl ict-aff ected states seem- Since 2005 countries have developed
ingly trapped in persistent poverty. Second, their national statistical systems by de-
economic growth has not translated to pro- signing and implementing a National Strat-
ductive jobs and more earning opportunities egy for the Development of Statistics, which
for Africa’s labor force—most of which is links data with poverty reduction strategies.
engaged in agriculture and informal enter- T e World Bank, in collaboration with other
prises—and especially for the 7‒10 million partners, is providing fi nancial support and
young people entering the labor force each technical advice through lending operations
year. And third, Africa’s growth could be such as STATCAP, through trust funds (in
faster and more widespread (and abject pov- particular the Trust Fund for Statistical Ca-
erty eliminated) if it could address its most pacity Building and the Statistics for Results
fundamental challenges—improving gover- Catalytic Fund), and through international
nance and increasing public sector capacity. initiatives. Moving forward, the Bank will
Just as the World Bank’s Africa strategy, scale up its statistical capacity development
Africa’s Future and World Bank Support to It, activities, not least because it is only with
seeks to harness the continent’s recent dy- credible statistics that progress on the Af-
namic growth to address these development rica strategy can be monitored. In addition,
challenges, so too do statistics in general, technology is being used to accelerate data
and Africa Development Indicators in particu- collection, especially in underserved areas.
lar, refl ect both the progress and the poten- For instance, in Africa’s newest country, the
tial of the continent. Africa Development Indi- Republic of South Sudan, the Bank is col-
cators permits policymakers, private actors, laborating with the local statistics offi ce to
Foreword viicollect information on people’s economic To that end, since April 2010 the World
situation, security, and outlook using cell Bank has made all its data freely available,
phones distributed to 1,000 households in resulting in continually growing use of its
10 state capitals. online resources. T is volume is part of the
Africa Development Indicators has another, Africa Development Indicators suite of prod-
more fundamental role in Africa’s develop- ucts, which also includes T e Little Data Book
ment. Statistics—and the information con- on Africa 2011 (available online only), the Af-
tained in them—can empower citizens to rica Development Indicators 2011–Multiple
hold their governments accountable. From User CD-ROM, and a data query and chart-
the fi rst public expenditure tracking survey ing application for mobile services.
of education in Uganda to the Ushahidi plat- A tool for learning, capacity strengthen-
form for tracking political violence and nat- ing, and accountability, Africa Development
ural disasters, Africans have demonstrated Indicators 2011 will continue to play a critical
how systematic data can mobilize citizens to role in Africa’s economic transformation.
spur their governments to action. Inasmuch
as governance was identifi ed as the funda- Obiageli K. Ezekwesili
mental constraint to African development, Vice President
Africa Development Indicators is a major in- T e World Bank Group
strument in relaxing that constraint. Africa Region
viii Africa Development Indicators 2011