India and the WTO
400 pages
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400 pages
YouScribe est heureux de vous offrir cette publication


This book is designed to clarify India's interests in the World Trade Organization's Doha Development Agenda and to provide a blueprint for its strategy in multilateral negotiations. The focus is on facilitating domestic and external policy reforms that can serve to bolster India's participation in the multilateral trading system and to enhance the effectiveness of India's trade and related policies in achieving developmental goals.
Individual chapters address the economic effects on India of the Uruguay Round Negotiations and the prospective Doha Agenda negotiations; the implications of the abolition of the Multi-Fiber Agreement; services issues and liberalization; telecommunications policy reforms; foreign direct investment; intellectual property rights; competition policy; government procurement; standards and technical barriers; trade and environment; and, finally, a comprehensive analysis of the major issues coupled with concrete proposals to guide India's participation in the Doha Development Agenda.



Publié par
Publié le 29 août 2003
Nombre de lectures 26
EAN13 9780821383667
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 1 Mo


India and
the WTOIndia and
the WTO
Aaditya Mattoo and Robert M. Stern,
A copublication of the World Bank
and Oxford University Press© 2003 The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank
1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
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All rights reserved.
A copublication of the World Bank and Oxford University Press.
The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed here are those of the author(s) and do not
necessarily reflect the views of the Board of Executive Directors of the World Bank or the governments
they represent.
The World Bank cannot guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this work. The boundaries,
colors, denominations, and other information shown on any map in this work do not imply on the
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ance of such boundaries.
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Office of the Publisher, World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, fax 202-522-2422,
ISBN 0-8213-5410-8
ISSN 1727-3455
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication data has been applied for.
Cover photo credit: AFP/CORBIS.
A textile worker puts a thread through an embroidery machine on display at Garmentech Interna-
tional 2000, a garment technology trade fair in New Delhi billed as Asia’s largest-ever such fair.Contents
Preface xi
1 Introduction and Overview1
Aaditya Mattoo and Robert M. Stern
2 Computational Analysis of the Impact
on India of the Uruguay Round and the Doha
Development Agenda Negotiations 13
Rajesh Chadha, Drusilla K. Brown,
Alan V. Deardorff, and Robert M. Stern
3 Implications of Multifibre Arrangement
Abolition for India and South Asia47
Sanjay Kathuria, Will J. Martin,
and Anjali Bhardwaj
4 Services Issues and Liberalization in the Doha
Development Agenda Negotiations: A Case
Study of India 67
Rajesh Chadha
5 Telecommunications Policy Reform in India 81
Rajat Kathuria, Harsha Vardhana Singh,
and Anita Soni
6 Economic Impact of Foreign Direct
Investment in South Asia 117
Pradeep Agrawal
7 An Indian Perspective on WTO Rules
on Foreign Direct Investment141
Satya P. Das
vvi Contents
8 India as User and Creator of Intellectual
Property: The Challenges Post-Doha 169
Arvind Subramanian
9 Trade, Investment, and Competition
Policy: An Indian Perspective 197
Aditya Bhattacharjea
10 India’s Accession to the Government
Procurement Agreement: Identifying
Costs and Benefits 235
Vivek Srivastava
11 Technical Barriers to Trade and the Role
of Indian Standard-Setting Institutions 269
Mohammed Saqib
12 Trade and Environment: Doha and Beyond299
Veena Jha
13 India and the Multilateral Trading System
Post-Doha: Defensive or Proactive? 327
Aaditya Mattoo and Arvind Subramanian
Contributors 367
3.1 Market Equilibrium in the Absence of Quotas 49
3.2 Markrium in the Presence of Quotas49
6.1Inflows ofFDI as Percent of GDP 121
8.1 Data on Patenting in the United States for Selected
Developing Countries,1985–98189
9.1 Distribution of MergerActivity,1973–74 to 2000–01 208
11.1BIS Organizational Hierarchy282
11.2 BIS Notification Procedure283
13.1 India’s Share in World Imports and Exports 328
13.2 Cross-Country Comparison of Average TariffRates336
13.3 Exports of India and Mexico to the North American
Market, 1990–2001 339
13.4 Comparison of International Long-Distance Tariffs
(Telecom) for SelectedAsian Countries, 2002 347
13.5 Estimated Transport Cost Margins for Exports
of Textiles to the United States, Using Singapore
as a Benchmark,2000348Contents vii
2.1 India: Tariff Structure, 1990–91 to 1997–98 16
2.2 India: Tariffs by Products, Average Import-Weighted
Rates, 1990–98 17
2.3 India:Bound Tariff Rates and Applied Rates ofDuty18
2.4Economies and Regions of the Model21
2.5 Sectors ofProduction22
2.6 Summary Results of the Uruguay Round: Change
in Imports, Exports, Terms of Trade, Welfare,
and the Real Return to Labor and Capital 24
2.7 Summary Results of the Doha Development Agenda
Negotiations: Change in Imports, Exports,
Terms of Trade, Welfare, and the Real Return
to Capital and Labor 31
2.8 Sectoral Results of the Uruguay Round
Negotiations (UR-3): Change in Exports, Imports,
Output, Scale,and Employment in India39
2.9 Sectoral Results of the Doha Development Agenda
Negotiations (DR-4): Change in Exports, Imports,
Output, Scale, and Employment in India 40
2.10 Impact of Multilateral and Unilateral Trade
Liberalization for India 42
3.1 Export-Tax Equivalents for Indian Garment ts to the United States and the
European Union53
3.2 India: Welfare Effects of Reforms That Raise Labor
Productivity in Clothing Sectors, 199255
4.1 Trade in Services byMode ofSupply70
4.2Protection in India,1997–9872
4.3 Sectoral Effects for India of Doha Development
Agenda Services Liberalization 75
5.1 Subscriber Base, Basic Services83
5.2 List of Basic Service Providers and Their Areas
of Operation84
5.3 Subscriber Base, Cellular Services85
5.4 List of Cellular Service Providers and Their Areas
of Operation 87
5.5 Telecommunications Market Structure 88
5.6Revenue Contribution by Different Subscriber Groups 95
6.1 Foreign Direct Investment Approvals, 1991–2000:
Share of Major Investing Economies122
6.2 Foreign Direct Investment Approvals, August 1991
to March 2000: Share by Industry 124viii Contents
6.3 Impact of FDI Inflows on Investment Rate (Net of FDI)
for South Asia, 1965–96, Ordinary Least Squares
Panel Estimation (Fixed-Effects Model) 129
6.4 Impact of FDI Inflows on Investment Rate (Net of FDI)
for South Asia, Four Different Time Periods, Ordinary
Least Squares Panel Estimation (Fixed-Effects Model) 130
6.5 Impact of FDI Inflows on GDP Growth in South Asia,
1965–96, Ordinary Least Squares Panel Estimation
(Fixed-Effects Model) 133
6.6 Impact of FDI Inflows on GDP Growth in South Asia:
Comparison of FDI Inflows and Foreign Borrowing,
1965–96, Ordinary Least Squares Panel Estimation
(Fixed-Effects Model)134
6.7 Granger Causality Test between GDP Growth and FDI
Inflows as a Share of GDP in South Asia, 1990–96 135
7.1 FDI Policies over Time 143
7.2Total FDI in Selected Countries, 1997–2001149
7.3 Flow ofFDI into India and Other Countries, 1997–2001 150
7.4 Inward and Outward FDI Flows as a Percentage
of Gross Fixed Capital Formation, 1997–2000 151
7.5 Inflow of FDI into India 152
7.6Sectorwise Breakdown ofFDI in India,1991–98153
7.7 FDI and the Growth Rate of Industrial
Production in India from December 1994
to March 1999: Regression Results159
8.1 Data on Patenting in the United States by Selected
Countries, 1985–98 190
10.1 Central Government Expenditures, Excluding
Railways and Telecommunications246
10.2 Estimates ofPurchases by Railways247
10.3 Estimates of Purchases by Department
10.4 State Government Expenditures249
10.5 Purchases by Public Sector Enterprises 249
10.6 Consolidated Government Procurement Estimates252
10.7 Potential Gains, Central Government Only253
10.8 Estimates of Social Gain 254
10.A.1 Shares of Total Expenditure for Items Involving
Government Purchases260
10.A.2 Objects of Expenditure262
12.1 India’s Environmental Legislation316
13.1 Summary Indicators of WTO Disputes, 1995–2001 332
13.2 Bound Tariff Rates and Effective Rates of Duty337Contents ix
13.3 Predictability, Responses, and Availability
of Rules and Regulations 338
13.4 Indicators ofIndianAgricultural Trade341
13.5 Antidumping Initiations by Economy Taking Action 344
13.6 AIby Exporting Economy345
13.7 Cross-Country Comparisons of Costs of
Software Services350
13.8 GATS Commitments on Modes 1 and 2 in Selected
Service Sectors 353
13.9 Current and Recommended Negotiating
and Domestic Policy Positions for India 360

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