Discrimination in Latin America
340 pages

Discrimination in Latin America


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340 pages
YouScribe est heureux de vous offrir cette publication


While there is a strongly held belief that Latin American societies are highly discriminatory, the economic profession has found relatively little evidence for this perception, and until recently other social sciences had prevailed in the discussion of this timely and relevant topic. The development of new tools for analyzing the economic mechanisms underlying discrimination, however, has opened up several avenues for research.
This book presents a set of studies on contemporary discrimination in Latin America that takes advantage of these new tools by focusing on social interactions that range from cooperation, group formation, and the impact of migration in poor families to specific markets such as housing and labor. The techniques applied include traditional regression analysis, experimental approaches, and audit studies, as well as structural methods. This wide range of analytical approaches leads to findings that confirm some of the common perceptions regarding discrimination but challenge the conventional wisdom in other regards
In some instances the long-held conventional wisdom may not hold at all. Latin Americans do not discriminate more or less than inhabitants of other regions, and the discrimination that does occur appears largely to stem from lack of information on individuals-a result of great interest in colleges and universities that teach courses on Latin American development both at the undergraduate and graduate level. Furthermore, this book's findings extend to the political arena, as they challenge standard policies that have been ineffective for decades. Finally, this book should be of interest to researchers, as the empirical methods employed are at the vanguard of the profession. In fact, in addition to the contribution that this volume makes to the literature on discrimination, it also has the potential to contribute more broadly to labor economics, development economics and experimental economics, as well as to Latin American studies.



Publié par
Publié le 03 décembre 2009
Nombre de lectures 38
EAN13 9780821380826
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 1 Mo


in Latin America
Edited by
Hugo Ñopo
Alberto Chong
Andrea Moro
With a foreword by Alejandro ToledoDiscrimination in Latin AmericaDiscrimination in
Latin America
Edited by
Hugo Ñopo
Alberto Chong
Andrea Moro
a copublication of the inter-american
development bank and the world bank© 2010 The Inter-American Development Bank
1300 New York Avenue, NW
Washington DC 20577
Telephone: 202-623-1000
Internet: www.iadb.org
E-mail: res@iadb.org
All rights reserved
1 2 3 4 13 12 11 10
A copublication of the Inter-American Development Bank and the World Bank.
The Inter-American Development Bank The World Bank
1300 New York Ave, NW 1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20577 Washington, DC 20433
The views and opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily
reflect the official position of the Inter-American Development Bank.
Rights and Permissions
The material in this publication is copyrighted. Copying and/or transmitting portions or all of
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For permission to photocopy or reprint any part of this work, please send a request with complete
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All other queries on rights and licenses, including subsidiary rights, should be addressed to the Office
of the Publisher, The World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, DC 20433, USA; fax: 202-522-
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ISBN: 978-0-8213-7835-9
eISBN: 978-0-8213-8082-6
DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-7835-9
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Discrimination in Latin America : an economic perspective / Hugo Ñopo, Alberto Chong, and
Andrea Moro, editors.
p. cm.—(Latin American development forum series)
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 978-0-8213-7835-9—ISBN 978-0-8213-8082-6 (electronic)
1. Minorities—Latin America—Economic conditions. 2. Minorities—Latin America—Social
conditions. 3. Discrimination—Economic aspects—Latin America. 4. Sex discrimination against
women—Economic aspects—Latin America. 5. Race discrimination—Economic aspects—Latin
America. I. Ñopo, Hugo. II. Chong, Alberto. III. Moro, Andrea, 1967-
F1419.A1D57 2009
Cover design by Ultra Designs.Latin American
Development Forum Series
This series was created in 2003 to promote debate, disseminate information
and analysis, and convey the excitement and complexity of the most topical
issues in economic and social development in Latin America and the Carib-
bean. It is sponsored by the Inter-American Development Bank, the United
Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, and
the World Bank. The manuscripts chosen for publication represent the
highest quality in each institution’s research and activity output and have
been selected for their relevance to the academic community, policy makers,
researchers, and interested readers.
Advisory Committee Members
Alicia Bárcena Ibarra, Executive Secretary, Economic Commission for
Latin America and the Caribbean, United Nations
Inés Bustillo, Director, Washington Office, Economic Commission for
Latin America and the Caribbean, United Nations
José Luis Guasch, Senior Adviser, Latin America and the Caribbean Region,
World Bank; and Professor of Economics, University of California, San
Santiago Levy, Vice President for Sectors and Knowledge, Inter-American
Development Bank
Eduardo Lora, Principal Adviser, Research Department, Inter-American
Development Bank
Luis Servén, Research Manager, Development Economics Vice Presidency,
World Bank
Augusto de la Torre, Chief Economist, Latin America and the Caribbean
Region, World Bank
vTitles in the Latin
American Development
Forum Series
Discrimination in Latin America: An Economic Perspective (2010) by
Hugo Ñopo, Alberto Chong, and Andrea Moro, editors
The Promise of Early Childhood Development in Latin America and the
Caribbean (2010) by Emiliana Vegas and Lucrecia Santibáñez
Job Creation in Latin America and the Caribbean: Trends and Policy
Challenges (2009) by Carmen Pagés, Gaëlle Pierre, and Stefano Scarpetta
China’s and India’s Challenge to Latin America: Opportunity or Threat?
(2009) by Daniel Lederman, Marcelo Olarreaga, and Guillermo E. Perry,
Does the Investment Climate Matter? Microeconomic Foundations of
Growth in Latin America (2009) by Pablo Fajnzylber, Jose Luis Guasch,
and J. Humberto López, editors
Measuring Inequality of Opportunities in Latin America and the Carib-
bean (2009) by Ricardo de Paes Barros, Francisco H. G. Ferreira, José R.
Molinas Vega, and Jaime Saavedra Chanduvi
The Impact of Private Sector Participation in Infrastructure: Lights,
Shadows, and the Road Ahead (2008) by Luis Andres, Jose Luis Guasch,
Thomas Haven, and Vivien Foster
Remittances and Development: Lessons from Latin America (2008) by
Pablo Fajnzylber and J. Humberto López, editors
Fiscal Policy, Stabilization, and Growth: Prudence or Abstinence? (2007)
by Guillermo Perry, Luis Servén, and Rodrigo Suescún, editors
viiviii titles in the series
stRaising Student Learning in Latin America: Challenges for the 21 Cen-
tury (2007) by Emiliana Vegas and Jenny Petrow
Investor Protection and Corporate Governance: Firm-level Evidence
across Latin America (2007) by Alberto Chong and Florencio López-de-
Silanes, editors
The State of State Reform in Latin America (2006) by Eduardo Lora,
Emerging Capital Markets and Globalization: The Latin American Expe-
rience (2006) by Augusto de la Torre and Sergio L. Schmukler
Beyond Survival: Protecting Households from Health Shocks in Latin
America (2006) by Cristian C. Baeza and Truman G. Packard
Natural Resources: Neither Curse nor Destiny (2006) by Daniel Lederman
and William F. Maloney, editors
Beyond Reforms: Structural Dynamics and Macroeconomic Vulnerability
(2005) by José Antonio Ocampo, editor
Privatization in Latin America: Myths and Reality (2005) by Alberto
Chong and Florencio López-de-Silanes, editors
Keeping the Promise of Social Security in Latin America (2004) by
Indermit S. Gill, Truman G. Packard, and Juan Yermo
Lessons from NAFTA: For Latin America and the Caribbean (2004) by
Daniel Lederman, William F. Maloney, and Luis Servén
The Limits of Stabilization: Infrastructure, Public Deficits, and Growth in
Latin America (2003) by William Easterly and Luis Servén, editors
Globalization and Development: A Latin American and Caribbean
Perspective (2003) by José Antonio Ocampo and Juan Martin, editors
Is Geography Destiny? Lessons from Latin America (2003) by John Luke
Gallup, Alejandro Gaviria, and Eduardo Lora

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