Arab Media Systems
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248 pages

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This volume provides a comparative analysis of media systems in the Arab world, based on criteria informed by the historical, political, social, and economic factors influencing a country’s media. Reaching beyond classical western media system typologies, Arab Media Systems brings together contributions from experts in the field of media in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) to provide valuable insights into the heterogeneity of this region’s media systems. It focuses on trends in government stances towards media, media ownership models, technological innovation, and the role of transnational mobility in shaping media structure and practices.

Each chapter in the volume traces a specific country’s media – from Lebanon to Morocco – and assesses its media system in terms of historical roots, political and legal frameworks, media economy and ownership patterns, technology and infrastructure, and social factors (including diversity and equality in gender, age, ethnicities, religions, and languages).

This book is a welcome contribution to the field of media studies, constituting the only edited collection in recent years to provide a comprehensive and systematic overview of Arab media systems. As such, it will be of great use to students and scholars in media, journalism and communication studies, as well as political scientists, sociologists, and anthropologists with an interest in the MENA region.



Publié par
Date de parution 03 mars 2021
Nombre de lectures 0
EAN13 9781800640627
Langue English
Poids de l'ouvrage 1 Mo

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Arab Media Systems
Edited by Carola Richter and Claudia Kozman
© 2021 Carola Richter and Claudia Kozman. Copyright of individual chapters is maintained by the chapters’ authors.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0). This license allows you to share, copy, distribute and transmit the text; to adapt the text and to make commercial use of the text providing attribution is made to the authors (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work). Attribution should include the following information:
Carola Richter and Claudia Kozman (eds), Arab Media Systems . Cambridge, UK: Open Book Publishers, 2021,
In order to access detailed and updated information on the license, please visit
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All external links were active at the time of publication unless otherwise stated and have been archived via the Internet Archive Wayback Machine at
Updated digital material and resources associated with this volume are available at
Every effort has been made to identify and contact copyright holders and any omission or error will be corrected if notification is made to the publisher.

This project received support from the Arab-German Young Academy of Sciences and Humanities (AGYA) that has been funded under the German Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) grant 01DL20003.
This publication was financed in part by the open access fund for monographs and edited volumes of the Freie Universität Berlin.
ISBN Paperback: 9781800640597
ISBN Hardback: 9781800640603
ISBN Digital (PDF): 9781800640610
ISBN Digital ebook (epub): 9781800640627
ISBN Digital ebook (mobi): 9781800640634
ISBN XML: 9781800640641
DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0238
Cover design by Anna Gatti based on a photo by Duangphorn Wiriya on Unsplash at

Contributor Biographies
Carola Richter and Claudia Kozman
Lebanon: A Faltering Mesh of Political and Commercial Interests
Sarah El-Richani
Syria: A Fragmented Media System
Yazan Badran
Palestine: Resilient Media Practices for National Liberation
Gretchen King
Jordan: Media’s Sustainability during Hard Times
Basim Tweissi
Iraq: Media between Democratic Freedom and Security Pressures
Sahar Khalifa Salim
Saudi Arabia: From National Media to Global Player
Marwan M. Kraidy
United Arab Emirates: Media for Sustainable Development
Mohammad Ayish
Qatar: A Small Country with a Global Outlook
Ehab Galal
Bahrain: Media-Assisted Authoritarianism
Marc Owen Jones
Kuwait: From “Hollywood of the Gulf” to Social Media Diwaniyas
Fatima Alsalem
Oman: Time for Fundamental Changes
Abdullah K. Al-Kindi
Yemen: Unsettled Media for an Unsettled Country
Abdulrahman M. Al-Shami
Egypt: A Divided and Restricted Media Landscape after the Transformation
Hanan Badr
Sudan: Media under the Military–Democratic Pendulum
Mahmoud M. Galander
Libya: From Jamahirization to Post-Revolutionary Chaos
Carola Richter
Tunisia: The Transformative Media Landscape after the Revolution
Noureddine Miladi
Algeria: The Costs of Clientelism
Nacer-Eddine Layadi , translated by Abdelhak Bouifer
Morocco: Competitive Authoritarianism in Media Reforms
Bouziane Zaid and Mohammed Ibahrine
Carola Richter and Claudia Kozman

Contributor Biographies
Abdullah K. Al-Kindi , Ph.D., is Professor of Journalism and Electronic Publishing at Sultan Qaboos University, Oman. In his research, he focuses on media policies, media coverage of wars and crisis, and Omani media. He has authored and translated several books, and he recently co-authored a book entitled Omani Pioneer Journalists (2020).
Abdulrahman Al-Shami , Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Broadcast Journalism at Qatar University. In his research, he focuses on new media and social change, as well as on satellite channels. He is the co-founder of AREACORE, the Arab-European Association of Media and Communication Researchers, and a board member of AUSACE, the Arab-US Association of Communication Educators.
Fatima Alsalem , Ph.D., is Assistant Professor of Mass Communication at Kuwait University, College of Arts. In her research, she focuses on social media, public opinion and journalism, as well as on online extremism and radicalization.
Mohammad Ayish , Ph.D., is Professor and Head of the Department of Mass Communication at the American University of Sharjah, UAE. His research interests include Arab world satellite broadcasting, media ethics, social media and convergence, and digital storytelling. His most recent co-authored book, with Noha Mellor (2015), is titled Reporting in the MENA region : cyber engagement and pan-Arab social media . Previously, he served as Dean of the College of Communication at the University of Sharjah, UAE.
Hanan Badr , Ph.D., is Associate Professor in Mass Communication at the Gulf University for Science and Technology (GUST), Kuwait, Assistant Professor at Cairo University, and a long-time affiliate of Freie Universität Berlin, Germany. Her research focuses on comparative media systems, Arab journalism, political communication and digital public spheres.
Yazan Badran is a Ph.D. fellow of the Research Council–Flanders (FWO) and a researcher at the Echo and imec-SMIT research centers at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium. His research lies at the intersection of new journalism and political activism in the post-2011 Middle East and North Africa region (MENA).
Sarah El-Richani , Ph.D., is Assistant Professor of Communications at the American University in Cairo, Egypt. She was Visiting Fellow and Academic Visitor at the Centre for Lebanese Studies and St. Antony’s College, University of Oxford during the academic year 2016–2017. Her research interests include political communication, contentious politics, media history, and comparative media studies.
Ehab Galal , Ph.D., is Associate Professor at the Department of Cross-Cultural and Regional Studies, Copenhagen University, Denmark. His research focuses on Arab media, Arab audiences, mediatized religion and politics, and Arab diaspora. Since 2018, he has been leading a research team working on the project “Mediatized Diaspora”, which investigates transnational media use and contentious politics among Arab diaspora in Europe.
Mahmoud M. Galander , Ph.D., was Associate Professor in the Department of Mass Communication, Qatar University. Currently, he is a freelance Professor of Journalism and Mass Communication affiliated with several Sudanese universities. He was formerly the editor of a Sudanese newspaper, Al-Quwat Al-Mussallaha , and is a member of the Sudan Journalists’ Union. He is the co-founder of the Arab-European Association of Media and Communication Researchers (AREACORE), and a member of the International Association of Media and Communication Researchers (IAMCR).
Mohammed Ibahrine , Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Integrated Marketing Communication at the American University of Sharjah, UAE. His research interests cover technology and marketing, entrepreneurship, innovation, and the technologies of the fourth industrial revolution.
Marc Owen Jones, Ph.D., is Assistant Professor of Middle East Studies at Hamad bin Khalifa University. His work focuses on social media, disinformation and propaganda in the Middle East. He has written extensively on the use of digital media as a tool of social control, and has an upcoming book on Digital Authoritarianism in the Middle East (2021) with Hurst/OUP.
Gretchen King , Ph.D., is Assistant Professor of Communication and Multimedia Journalism at the Lebanese American University in Beirut. She serves as the Director of Pedagogy and Curriculum Design at LAU’s Institute for Media Research and Training. In her research, she focuses on alternative media and community radio in the regions of North America, North Africa, and West Asia.
Claudia Kozman , Ph.D., is Assistant Professor of Multimedia Journalism and the Research Director at the Institute of Media Research and Training at the Lebanese American University in Lebanon. Her research primarily focuses on news content and audience perceptions in the Arab world, in addition to comparative studies at the regional and international levels.
Marwan M. Kraidy, Ph.D., is Dean and CEO of Northwestern University in Qatar, and the Anthony Shadid Chair in Global Media, Politics and Culture at Northwestern University, Evanston, USA. He is a

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