The Little Data Book on Africa 2010
132 pages
English

The Little Data Book on Africa 2010

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132 pages
English
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'The Little Data Book on Africa 2010' is a pocket edition of 'Africa Development Indicators 2010'. It contains some 115 key indicators on economics, human development, governance, and partnership and is intended as a quick reference for users of the 'Africa Development Indicators 2010' book and African Development Indicators Online. The country tables present the latest available data for World Bank member countries in Africa.

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Publié le 13 avril 2010
Nombre de lectures 38
EAN13 9780821382554
Langue English

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From Africa Development Indicators
The Little
Data Book
on Africa
10
Basic indicators Human development
National accounts Agriculture, rural development, and environment
Millennium Development Goals Labor, migration, and population
Paris Declaration indicators HIV/AIDS
Private sector development Malaria
Trade Capable states and partnership
Infrastructure Household welfare THE LITTLE DATA 2010 BOOK ON AFRICACopyright © 2010 by the International Bank for
Reconstruction and Development/THE WORLD BANK
1818 H Street NW
Washington DC 20433
U.S.A.
All rights reserved
Manufactured in the United States of America
First printing 2010
This volume is a product of the staff of the International Bank for Reconstruction
and Development/The World Bank. The findings, interpretations, and conclu-
sions expressed in this volume do not necessarily reflect the views of the
Executive Directors of The World Bank or the governments they represent.
The World Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in
this work. The boundaries, colors, denominations, and other information
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World Bank concerning the legal status of any territory or the endorsement
or acceptance of such boundaries.
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ISBN: 978-0-8213-8255-4
e-ISBN: 978-0-8213-8274-5
DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-8255-4
SKU: 18255
The Little Data Book on Africa 2010 is a product of the Africa Region of the
World Bank.
Editing, design, and layout by Communications Development Incorporated,
Washington, D.C.
Cover design by Peter Grundy Art & Design, London, UK.Contents
Acknowledgments. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Users guide vi
Country tables (in alphabetical order). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Algeria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Angola 4
Benin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Botswana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Burkina Faso. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Burundi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Cameroon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Cape Verde. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Central African Republic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Chad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Comoros . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Congo, Dem. Rep.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Rep. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Côte d’Ivoire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Djibouti. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Egypt, Arab Rep. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Equatorial Guinea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Eritrea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Ethiopia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Gabon 40
Gambia, The42
Ghana 44
Guinea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Guinea-Bissau . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Kenya. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Lesotho 52
Liberia 54
Libya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56
Madagascar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Malawi60
Mali . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Mauritania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Mauritius . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Morocco. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Mozambique. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70
Namibia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72
Niger 74
Nigeria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Rwanda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
São Tomé and Príncipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80
Senegal 82
Seychelles 84
Sierra Leone86
Somalia 88
South Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Sudan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Swaziland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
Tanzania. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
Togo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98
Tunisia100
Uganda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102
Zambia104
Zimbabwe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
Glossary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
The Little Data Book on Africa 2010 iiiAcknowledgments
The Little Data Book on Africa 2010 is a product of the Africa Region of the
World Bank. Jorge Saba Arbache was the director of this book and its com-
panions—Africa Development Indicators 2010, ADI Online, and Africa Devel-
opment Indicators 2010—Multiple User CD-ROM. Rose Mungai led the work
on data management, consistency checks, and compilation and provided
overall data quality assurance. Jane Njuguna coordinated all stages of pro-
duction. The core team included Mehdi Akhlaghi, Francoise Genouille, Jane
Njuguna, Mpho Chinyolo, and Christophe Rockmore.
The overall work was carried out under the guidance of Shantayanan
Devarajan, Chief Economist of the Africa Region.
Meta de Coquereaumont, Christopher Trott, and Elaine Wilson of Communi-
cations Development Incorporated provided design, editing, and layout.
iv 2010 The Little Data Book on AfricaIntroduction
The Little Data Book on Africa 2010 is a pocket edition of Africa Develop-
ment Indicators 2010. It contains some 115 key indicators on economics,
human development, governance, and partnership and is intended as a
quick reference for users of the Africa Development Indicators 2010 book
and ADI Online. The country tables present the latest available data for
World Bank member countries in Africa.
The Little Data Book on Africa 2010 vUsers guide
Aggregates
Aggregates data are based on the World Bank’s regional classification for
Sub-Saharan Africa and North Africa, which may differ from common geo-
graphic usage. Former Spanish Sahara is not included in any aggregates.
Statistics
Data are for the most recent year available, usually 2008, as economies were
constituted in 2007. Consistent time-series data for 1961–2008 are avail-
able on Africa Development Indicators CD-ROM and ADI Online. Data for some
indicators, including macro economic statistics, Doing Business indicators,
investment climate indicators, governance and anticorruption indicators, and
Country Policy and Institutional Assessment ratings, are for 2009 or 2010.
Symbols
.. means that data are not available or that aggregates cannot be calcu-
lated because of missing data in the years shown.
< is less than.
— is not applicable.
$ means current U.S. dollars, unless otherwise noted.
0 or 0.0 means zero or small enough that the number would round to zero
at the displayed number of decimal places.
Data presentation conventions
A billion is 1,000 million.
Growth rates are in real terms, unless otherwise specified.
Data availability, reliability, and comparability
Considerable effort has been made to harmonize the data, but full com-
parability cannot be assured, and care must be taken in interpreting indi-
cators. Many factors affect data availability, reliability, and comparability.
Data coverage may be incomplete because of circumstances affecting the
collection and reporting of data, such as conflicts. Although drawn from
sources thought to be the most authoritative, data should be construed
as indicating trends and characterizing differences across economies. Dis-
crepancies in data presented in different editions of The Little Data Book
on Africa reflect updates from countries as well as revisions to historical
series and changes in methodology. Readers are therefore advised not to
compare data series between editions or across World Bank publications.
The cutoff date for data is September 30, 2009, except for data on official
development assistance, for which the cutoff date is December 8, 2009.
vi 2010 The Little Data Book on AfricaCountry tables
The Little Data Book on Africa 2010 1Algeria
Country North
data Africa
Population (millions) 34.4 163.7
Population growth (%) 1.5 1.6
GNI per capita ($) 4,260 3,051

Economic density ($1,000 per sq km) 73,006.1 98,134.8
GDP ($ billions) 173.9 56 3.1
GDP growth (%) 3.0 5.8
GDP per capita (2000 $) 2,191 2,157
GDP per capita growth (%) 1.5 4.1
GDP deflator, index (2000 = 100, $ series) 231 159
Consumer price index (% change) 4.4 —
Agriculture value added (% of GDP) 9.2 10.4
Industry value added (% of GDP) 72.2 45.2
Services plus discrepancy value added (% of GDP) 23.7 40.3
Current account balance (% of GDP) .. 9.3
Fiscal balance (cash surplus or deficit, % of GDP) 6.2 0.9
Central government revenue (% of GDP) 44.8 30.8
External balance on goods and services (% of GDP) 34.6 9.5
Total external debt (% of GDP) 4.1 17.7
Drivers of growth
Gross domestic savings (% of GDP) 71.5 45.5
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 27.9 23.4
Private sector fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 27.9 23.9
Gross primary school enrollment (% of relevant age group) 109.7 106.3
Gross secondary school enrollment (% of relevant age group) .. ..
Gross tertiary school enrollment (% of relevant age group) 24.0 ..
Public spending on education, total (% of gov't expenditure) .. 20.5
Number of startup procedures to register a business 14.0 9.0
Time to start a business (days per procedure) 24 14
Cost to start a business (% of GNI per capita) 12.1 12.5
Time to register property (days) 47 51
Time to enforce a contract (days) 630 705
Protecting investors, disclosure index (0 low to 10 high) 66
Time to prepare, file, and pay taxes (days) 451 379
Total tax rate (% of profit) 72.0 54.9
Average time to clear direct exports through customs (days) 16.8 9.8
Average time to clear imports through customs (days) 16.8 9.8
Rigidity of employment index (0 least rigid to 100 most rigid) 41 42
Delay for firms in obtaining electrical connection (days) 49.1 70.2
Electric power outages for firms (number per month) 5.1 5.4
Ratio of paved to total roads (%) 70.2 68.0
2Road density (road km per 100 km of land area) 4.5 7.0
Real interest rate (%) –7.8 ..
Domestic credit to private sector (% of GDP) 12.9 34.4
Corruption as major constraint (% of firms) 64.7 —
Firms that believe court system is fair, impartial, & uncorrupt (%) .. —
Crime, theft, and disorder as major constraint (% of firms) 0.9 —
Tax rates as major constraint (% of firms) 46.7 —
Finance as major constraint (% of firms) 50.1 —
Electricity as major constraint (% of firms) 48.1 —
Labor regulations as major constraint (% of firms) 13.8 —
Labor skill level as major constraint (% of firms) 36.8 —
Irrigated land (% of cropland) 6.9 ..
Fertilizer consumption (100 grams per hectare of arable land) 116.4 893.4
Tractors per 100 hectares of arable land 135 143
Cereal crop yield (kg per hectare) 1,390.7 2,483.8
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP) 59.1 46.4
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP) 24.5 36.9
Terms of trade index (2000 = 100) 188.8 ..
Real effective exchange rate (2000 = 100) 85.0 85.0
Export diversification index (%) 2.4 ..
Foreign direct investment, net inflows ($ millions) .. 18,544.3
Workers' remittances received ($ millions) .. 12,090.6
Migrant remittance inflows ($ millions) 2,120.0 18,238.0
2 2010 The Little Data Book on Africa

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