Les décisions d'expulsion d'occupants sans droit ni titre : connaissance empirique d'un contentieux hétérogène

-

Documents
91 pages
Obtenez un accès à la bibliothèque pour le consulter en ligne
En savoir plus

Description

Si le contentieux du bail, très encadré par les textes, est assez bien connu, on ne sait pratiquement rien, en revanche, des affaires dont sont saisis les tribunaux concernant des personnes qui occupent un immeuble - construit ou non construit - sans avoir de titre locatif. Il peut d'abord s'agir de personnes qui se sont introduites sur un terrain ou dans des locaux sans autorisation de quiconque : gens du voyage, squatters, exploitants « sauvages » du fonds d'autrui.... Mais il peut aussi s'agir de personnes qui ont bénéficié au départ d'une autorisation de s'installer, mais sans que cette autorisation leur donne ensuite le droit de se maintenir contre le gré du propriétaire. On peut, dans les deux cas, parler d'occupants sans droit ni titre. Ce rapport expose les situations soumises aux tribunaux, les procédures suivies, l'analyse des procédures mises en oeuvre pour récupérer les locaux.

Sujets

Informations

Publié par
Publié le 01 juin 2003
Nombre de visites sur la page 33
Langue Français
Signaler un problème
          
   
 
    
             !!"#
           
 $  
$  % & $'! ( ) *+,- 
 
 
 
 %  ' .
 
 !" # $   "   " %&
  ''
 ())" *  # $   
+, )-." *  # $   
- /" # $   
'%% 0(0)!!" *  # $   
 
' $ $$/  .
 
 +)-1(!2" '3 34
 (105607" *  # $    
 
 & $   !8
 
&94 1."   4*
1'4 !:"   4*
; 1(.)"   4*
 1"   4*
 !:(0"   4*
4 0((."   4*
! (!"   4*
 
 8
 
< .12" 
+, )"  3
3 1++" 
 
 
 
=>  >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>?
=>=> (&# >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>?
=> > ' >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>@
=>>=> 'A  ' >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>@
=>>> 0   >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>=
=>>>=- !   $  &   4   # >>>>>>>>>>>>>= =>>>> !   %  3  A >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>== =>>>> !  ;   & B A% >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>= =>>> ;  >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>= 
=>>>=> &   3 ;>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>= 
=>>  3A >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>=C
=>>=> % 33%'B  A >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>=C
=>>>   % >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
=>>> 0   >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>=
=>D>   %%>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
- !  4 A &A >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
-=- 0  >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >=>=> ! 3  ;3 >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> >=>=> ! B >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>@
>=>= ! %  $    #4 >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>C
>=>>   >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
>> 0 >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>= 
>>=>  % %   >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>  ;    $ %>>>> >>>>>>>>> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>=>   >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
>>>> !34  #>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>? >>>>   >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>E  F ! %  >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>C
>=> !    %  G;  % $ H ?  H ? &I >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>C >=>=> !  44 >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>C
>=>> !  %  J 3  ;3 K >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>D
>=>>=> ! %B >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>D 
>=>>> B   3  >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>DD
- F!   % G;  % $ H L $ H =LI>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>DE
>>=> ! 4 >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>D@
>>=>=> ! % B  G I 4 G;  % $ H L $
H @I >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>D@
>>=> 8 %    4 G;  % $ H C  H
=I> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>DC
>>> ! # >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>?= !  B      %  G I #   CL  G@L?     '4%   '' 4  C?   BMI> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>?=
>>>=> 4&  # #>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>? 
>>>> H  #>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>? 
>>>> %  # $  %>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>?
>>> !  >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>??
D> !   % 8 ;  %#>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>?L 
D > = > !%   4 >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>?L
D>=>=> !&   4 %    % GHE &I >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>?@
D>=>=>=> !      %     >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>?@ D>=>=>> !    %          >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>?C 
D>=>=>> ! A% >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>?C
D>=>=>>=>=> ! 4  % A%" #   %#  
"  # 3 %&4      B  % %%  A%
J  K" %%  %% $   BB %   
  3> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>L
 
 
=>=>>> !   3  ;3 >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>L
D>=>=>D> !4 %>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>E D>=>=>?> !  4>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>E D>=>> !  A    NA%> >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>EL D>=>>=> !NA 44>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>EL 
D>=>>> !NA ## >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>E@
D>> !  G  3I   4 >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>@
D>>=> ! %3 '   %     >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>@
D>>> J !' K   $  %  #>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>@?
D>>> !4%  3 >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>@L 
D>>D> ! B     % 8  %3 >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>@L
?> 
 
 
 
 
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>@E 
D
 
 
01 
 
0101 /2%  
0  A  &"   %  A"  O & "    %B4 "  '"  ##     &A  
% B %  44& F    -     #> 
% & 3  % B          A 
  BB 8 3  ;3" B" A% J 3 K  #
P>   %  3  % B  &#  % 
  " 4  B         
4   3  %%> ( %"   A " % % 
  >
! 4 A% #4   % %  %%  44&   % 34    4%  &  3    B    44>   % M 4 $    B 
3" " %  A   %"  #   %   BM>
B "  4 #4   %     G' BMI
"  &  % %#B   4  ## " M 
  % ?= $ ?=C" % A &A '&  %#"  B 
%4 %   A  ##   & " A%4"   &A  3 0>   A B $  B  % ''  $ *" $ 
 ; ;4B    %  &A  3    %   +  %  43>  %4"  3  4  4  ## ;%   B  4 A &A   "
                                               0  4%#   %>       4"  4 A% %      M   E    B $  %%" $ A%  4 #4 %  4 % A%  3  ;3  %%     ?   G% ?=I   4 #4    4   A G% ?= &  ?=I  3= 8          / A  ?
 
;  % B   G %  4     
% 3 F #  BMI    B  % $   
#  %     G;%  4 %"  " #4 
 % >PI>  4 % %#B"  %  %4
 *  4   "   &A "  3  %% 3  %&4 A % F  % 44 A 3  ;3  A B>  
 # 4& 3  4   %" B %   ;
;4B  '       4 A%>
 %4 % B A &#   ''  B  $ * 
%B  F  A F   $ " $ %   "   
3 %  A A%>  -4M4"    3 
#     %> ! %%"   " 
%4 "   4     444 Q&%" B
   ;% G3  ;3 44I   B  
%  4 %&   BB 4 # $ %    3  34   A%"  3>  "  " %  4 3" %# %%;   A #4A 3 
J   34 K"  % 4 M J 4  %3 K "  
44   "   "   4"  %   3
 #   ''  "   J % K>  
44 %   3 B     ;   %%" 4
B4   B   B #  %   3   
%     8   %B  -4M4"   %  
& $  J % K>   % " & " B  33 
   %B   3" B   3 %  3> 0;4B4"   #   % A A  $  % # A ##   F  %
&  3 > (   44  A4% 4B&   B
  4     %B  %  BM"   
B 4& & 3   B  % %     % >                                                
4/ # R=>>  
 
L
   S     4 44"   "  
%B J 3 K % & $ #   3"   B %  
  ## 8 A4%  % B     A  
%   A  $   3  ;3 B B    T   " %B B  M 3 %    =@ 4 5>
 
" "  %B     %> ! % 
    3 B    " %  'O  "  34B B> "   $    B  % #4    "  # & % B   3B  4
4 $   ##   %"  B  % %   & $ 
 3B    B  $ 3  A> " ;
  %4    8  4   %  3 
;3"   %4   4M4 %   $   3 
% A%    # B      %%
B  3"  J B K   44&   3 " 
"     3"  ## % %  %%  
 4 $    %  "    %# ## $ 
 #4 B %   % $ 4 A%    # 4 B J  K  4 #4P "   "   %    J '   K  $      #B  
   3  ;3  +"   ##  34   
    4U #4>   4"  %     &
 3 "    3 3>  % % 4& %#"
  %*  B  A  A  B   B %
 4&    8 '4   #  %  J 3
# K   %  $  %"   % %% B"   4&A " 
%  3  ;3   B    % %  % A%>  %%   % %% "   4 T   %   "   %4   44  %"   B  
J 3B K $ %   34    M 8  %-
                                               
5/ A -   
E
       $ %  '  %  D
 V
 
  % $ 3  B ' ' F    % 
&A  3    %   &A   4 A%
#4   %     F  %4  * B  %B   $  4"  $   %B  $     A %4 A%>   % 44 % 3   4       A>    B"    4&   F
B" 3  ;3 44 F  % % B  4" ; & 
 A"  ' $ 4 ## A"   % %% B
 4&     4>    %  
## A  % M & B %   4 G  
 3  A" B  A   % ''" BM % 
'  PI> )  B   % % F      ;
  4% F   4 "   "  3 %  ## A 8  3 % A4% $  4   &A %  4 4  &  A%"  $  %B F  44 3
%  3  ;3 F  $   ##   A $ %
   B  $ %% B  %   %>
 
 
01 31 )!
 
 
013101   $!$$
!  %       %;   $ %  3    %  &A  3    +  G; 4% -4I %  %  F  %   4  
= F   B > ! 'A   '"  %# $  
      % 3 %" $ %   $ 4"
%  3 4 8 ' ' '%% $   B $ 
%>  %4 " %  % "  %'3%' %  
 
 
@